4.
January

Black medicine: an observational study of doctors’ coffee purchasing patterns at work

Conclusions Doctors commonly use coffee as a stimulant. Substantial variation exists between specialties. Surgeons drink notably more coffee than physicians, with orthopaedic surgeons consuming the greatest amount in the communal cafeteria setting, though this might reflect social tendencies rather than caffeine dependency. Hierarchical position is positively correlated with coffee consumption and generosity with regard to buying rounds of coffee.

http://www.bmj.com/content/351/bmj.h6446

 
17.
January

No breakfast at home: association with cardiovascular disease risk factors in childhood

http://www.nature.com/ejcn/journal/v68/n7/abs/ejcn201488a.html

 

 
3.
January

Mediterranean Diet May Help Slow Aging

A new analysis suggests yet another potential health benefit of the Mediterranean diet. In the Nurses’ Health Study, greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with greater telomere length, a biomarker of aging…

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/835901

 
22.
December

Years of life lost and healthy life-years lost from diabetes and cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese people: a modelling study

Despite the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes associated with excess bodyweight, development of a clinically meaningful metric for health professionals remains a challenge. We estimated the years of life lost and the life-years lost from diabetes and cardiovascular disease associated with excess bodyweight.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/landia/article/PIIS2213-8587(14)70229-3/abstract

 

 
22.
December

Effects of High vs Low Glycemic Index of Dietary Carbohydrate on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Insulin Sensitivity

Foods that have similar carbohydrate content can differ in the amount they raise blood glucose. The effects of this property, called the glycemic index, on risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes are not well understood.

To determine the effect of glycemic index and amount of total dietary carbohydrate on risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes…

http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2040224

 
24.
September

Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota

Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NAS) are among the most widely used food additives worldwide, regularly consumed by lean and obese individuals alike. NAS consumption is considered safe and beneficial owing to their low caloric content, yet supporting scientific data remain sparse and controversial. Here we demonstrate that consumption of commonly used NAS formulations drives the development of glucose intolerance through induction of compositional and functional alterations to the intestinal microbiota…

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature13793.html